Bristol Taxis are All Set to Make Your Journey More Convenient!

Bristol Taxis are All Set to Make Your Journey More Convenient!

The need for a taxi service cannot be avoided these days, no matter where you go, you will always like to have the most convenient mode of transportation so that you can manage your time and money in the best possible manner. And when you are in a place like Bristol and not finding the best commuting mode, you should always move for the Bristol taxis. There are really many taxi services operating at this part of the world. And this is where you are going to explore the real benefits of opting for these taxi services.
As there are already many operating at this part of the world, Bristol taxi services have come up with competitive price for their clients. This is where the passengers are going to reap some great benefits. They can now easily book a taxi in cheap and can make their tour to Bristol successful in every way. Rather than taking the bus or train for which you have to spend the money and needs to follow their schedule, hiring a Bristol taxi can always help you to move for just any place at just any time of the day.

 

In order to make things more convenient, they are also offering pick up and drop services. That means whether you want a pick from the hotel or from the airport, once you have booked a taxi, it will be there at the desired spot. No matter where you go, the Bristol taxis can always take you on a comfortable journey to that particular place. One of the best additions done by these Bristol taxi services is that they are now appointing only the local, professional, experienced and certified drivers. Such drivers can also help you as a guide while moving for the notable places at this part of the world.

Having such a driver can make your journey in Bristol more informed. The fact is that people use to visit a lot. They also visit a lot of places. But just for fun. Only they use to arrive at the spot, take some pictures and then get back to the hotel. But this time when you are in Bristol, the real charm of the travelling is going to change for you. Now you will not only visit those desired places but also you will get more insights about them from your driver guide appointed for the Bristol taxi that you have hired.

When you are looking for the best deal, you should always opt for the leading service provider. The same goes with the Bristol taxis. If you are looking for the best service and best price, then a leading and professional Bristol taxi service can offer you the same. Such a taxi service can even arrange your tour in Bristol in such a way that you can find enough convenience at every step of your journey. The driver they appoint also knows about the eateries where you can have the local delicacies served in the traditional style.

Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

Giant tortoises are one of the best known animals in the Galapagos Islands. And, for nature lovers who choose wildlife holidays in the Galapagos, this is one of the most sought-after encounters. Like many other animals, however, despite its iconic status as the world’s largest tortoise, it faces the challenge of survival, and is now extinct or nearly extinct on several islands in the archipelago.
Of the 14 native populations, only eleven are left – with many of them considered to be highly threatened. The GTRI (The Giant Tortoise Recovery Initiative) is a conservation project  aimed at changing the flow and restoring its population across the island. Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

GTRI work

Established in 2014, GTRI has worked closely with the Directorate of National Parks to achieve a number of objectives. The long-term goals of the initiative include:

• Restoring population to historical summits throughout the archipelago. This includes breeding programs to recover the islands where endemic subspecies have become extinct. Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

• Rejuvenate and restore the required habitat.

• Survey of current population to inform future conservation research and efforts.

• Use genetic advances to improve future conservation programs.

Why Do They Need Help?

In an environment where it has no natural predators for millions of years, the Giant Turtles become the animals most affected by human arrivals on the islands. For years, they were used as a food source by settlers and maritime tourists, who managed to find out that they were able to survive for long at sea. They transport them aboard in holding the ship, and then kill them as needed.

In addition to being a source of food, the population is devastated by the introduction of animals such as dogs, goats, cows and pigs. Dogs and pigs loot eggs and hatchlings, while cattle and goats compete with the turtle’s own food source.

Although it is illegal to catch them today, and introduce animals gradually controlled or removed, in some cases too late. But generating an extinct subspecies, such as endemic disease on the island of Floreana, becomes a reality in itself by GTRI’s deductive work.

Progress Created

Species from Floreana Island have been deemed extinct since 1850. But thanks to advances in DNA testing, scientists were able to determine their genetic traces in 2008. They then tested the hybrid population on Wolf Isabela volcano island that has different DNA, and found that it fits well the extinct Floreana species. How this cross-crossing takes place is a mystery, although the most likely explanation is through human intervention, perhaps by dismantling them among the different islands.

A group of 30 have been transferred to a research center in Santa Cruz, where scientists can analyze their DNA even further. It was found that two were classified F1, meaning that they were descended from two elderly races. Through a breeding program, GTRI now intends to refill Floreana Island with the offspring of these animals – effectively bringing the species back from the dead.

Visit the Past and Future on Holidays in the Galapagos

Thanks to GTRI, past species are now closely related to their future, and it is highly likely that populations can be restored to their natural habitat. Visitors to wildlife vacations in the Galapagos can visit the Tortoise Center in Santa Cruz to see the resurrection of Tortoise Giant Floreana in (albeit very slowly). Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

Choosing Just the Right Tea

True Tea vs. Herbal Tea

This may seem like a silly issue. However, many different kinds of herbs can be made into teas. Generally, though, the agreement is that true tea comes only from one plant species, Camellia sinensis. All true tea is made from this species. Camellia sinensis is one of the many kinds of camellia that are otherwise known as beautiful garden shrubs.

True tea is usually distinguished from herbal teas by its production of caffeine. However, a small number of other herbs also contain caffeine. The most common of these is called Yerba Mat� (Ilex paraguariensis), which is a type of holly. Herbal teas may sometimes include the addition of another caffeine-producing species called guaran� (Paullinia cupana).

Black Tea

The different types of true tea differ by how they are processed after picking. Making black tea involves the most oxidation, which turns the leaves to a deep black color. This process if often erroneously referred to as fermentation, although no fermentation occurs. Tea becomes completely oxidized after it has been laid out to dry for 8-24 hours, then rolled to make the leaves to crack open and allow more internal contact with air. Oxygen in the air reacts with enzymes inside leaf cells to direct the oxidation of phenolics. Oxidized phenolics are what darkens the leaves.

Leaves are then dried once more after oxidation has been completed. The overall result makes for the strongest flavor of all the teas. This process underlies one of the more important black tea benefits, which is that the rich flavor will be preserved for many years.

Oolong Tea

In contrast to the processing of black tea, oolong tea is only slightly shaken in baskets after brief drying. This causes slight bruising that only allows a limited amount oxygen to enter the leaves. This partial oxidation process is stopped when heat is heat after a couple of hours of drying. The result is crisp, dry leaves with a red-brown color.

Oolong is known as one of the finest teas in the world. It is often referred to as the “champagne of teas.” Sought after oolong tea benefits include its delicate floral-fruity quality.

Green Tea

The health benefits of green tea are well-researched and widely known. They are based primarily on a rich array of antioxidant ingredients that remain intact and active after a post-harvest process that prevents most oxidation. The process involves heating leaves quickly to dryness, which stops oxidative enzyme activity and enables leaves to remain greenish or greenish-yellow in appearance.

Green tea retains a light, grassy flavor and an astringency that you might expect from the lack of oxidation. The delicate flavor is often augmented by adding jasmine flowers, resulting a popular tea for accompanying Asian styles of cooking. Jasmine green tea is usually just called jasmine tea, even though it is really a mixture that is comprised mostly of green tea.

Which Will It Be for You?

Selecting any one of these teas may be a simple choice – a black for its richness, an oolong for its floral-fruity quality, or a green with jasmine for its sweet aroma and light flavor. Of course, having all three in your kitchen or office would keep your options open for any situation. Black tea is a wonderful way to start the day. Oolong tea, the “champagne of teas,” is great as a relaxing special treat any time. Green tea, with the lowest caffeine content of all, is delicious as an all-day staple, through dinner and into the evening.

One more consideration for deciding on which tea or teas you want to have is quality. Indeed, tea quality is perhaps the most important factor for deciding on which brand to purchase. The possibilities of which brand to choose may seem overwhelming.

This is where the Smacha Tea Company stands out. Their teas are imported from their own tea gardens overseas, which is a rarity for the majority of tea companies. Furthermore, Smacha does its own harvesting, processing, and importing. This is how the company keeps strict control of every step in tea production. Quality control, from the garden to your cup, is the foundation for their guarantee of having only top quality teas.

Get Clued Up on What Covered by EHIC in Bulgaria

Get Clued Up on What Covered by EHIC in Bulgaria

Each EU country has reciprocal health agreements with the UK, and as long as you travel with the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC), you are eligible for reduced or even reduced health care. Bulgaria is no exception. Visitors with valid EHIC can access health services in the same way as Bulgarians do. Despite the real simplicity of the system, however, each country has slightly different rules and regulations, and it should be noted before they visit.
While EHIC is a useful part of the documentation, it does not cover everything. To complete your EHIC, investment in an adequate single trip or annual travel insurance is highly recommended. For regular travelers, annual travel insurance is a cost effective way to stay comprehensively.

Get Clued Up on What Covered by EHIC in Bulgaria

What is Covered by EHIC in Bulgaria?

Like most European countries receiving EHIC, personal care for medical care is not covered. If you have one trip or an annual travel insurance policy, you need to check the details to see if personal care is covered. To receive EHIC benefits you should see a physician contracted to the Bulgari National Health Insurance Fund (NHIF). NHIF has a useful website with some information in English about their health system, so you can get directions before you travel.

Doctor

Most doctors in Bulgaria are covered by NHIF but should check first. Every time you see a doctor, you are asked to pay a small contribution, which you can not claim back with your EHIC. The doctor takes the medicine through a receipt or prescription form, which you then take to the pharmacy. With drugs for non-chronic diseases you get a receipt form, which entitles you to free treatment or reduced medical expenses, provided that the pharmacy is registered with NHIF. Prescriptions are given for the treatment of chronic illness and this must be paid in full. The recipe fee is non-refundable, unless you have one trip or annual travel insurance.

What about the dentist?

If you need to see a dentist while in Bulgaria, you should visit one that is contracted to NHIF. Otherwise, you are responsible for paying full maintenance and are not eligible for a refund with a valid EHIC. Different insurance policies have different rules regarding dentists, so check your annual travel insurance to see what you can claim back.

And the hospital?

When you travel, the last thing you want to think about is the possibility of having to be hospitalized. However, accidents do happen and it is best to know the procedure, just in case. Inpatient care is general and private in Bulgaria, but if you only have your EHIC, you should make sure you visit the NHIF contract hospital. You will then undergo your treatment and will have two more checks after your hospital stay.

Remember… Get Clued Up on What Covered by EHIC in Bulgaria

Wherever you travel into the EU, regardless of the benefits you can exchange with your EHIC, it’s always best to protect yourself and get the best single trip or travel insurance.

Patrick Chong is the Managing Director of InsureMore, an award-winning specialist team in a single global travel and annual travel insurance policy. In addition to offering attractive offers for travel insurance, Patrick also collects and shares the best free travel competitions to help his clients get the most out of their holiday. Get Clued Up on What Covered by EHIC in Bulgaria

Stylish Skiing For Sale: The Best Catered Chalets in Europe

Stylish Skiing For Sale: The Best Catered Chalets in Europe

Catered chalets are the best choice for groups of friends looking for comfort and convenience in the mountains. With food ready when you wake up and when you get home, serving accommodation is perfect for a laser-skied skier who does not want to miss a moment on the slopes. It is also fun for the group to find the shared family room and the accompanying comic.
In holiday packages with villas, food and wine are included with flights, transport and accommodation. The type of food you can expect depends on where you are staying, but usually local alpine dishes are made with fresh ingredients. Breakfast will be ready when you wake up, usually consisting of sausages, eggs and cheese, but vegetarian if you ask for it. After a day on the slopes, return to some afternoon tea, followed later with a pre-cooked dinner. The menu may vary, but if you make a request a few days in advance, the chef can usually customize it for you. Stylish Skiing For Sale: The Best Catered Chalets in Europe

There are also a variety of lodgings that serve two to 20 guests. Generally, the more guests, the cheaper per head, but this is not always the case. As well as the size, the chalets vary in service with some specially designed for families, some for luxuries and others for a traditional atmosphere. Stylish Skiing For Sale: The Best Catered Chalets in Europe

The Best Catered Chalets in the Alps

Chalet Sonne, Maria Alm, Austria – This cute chalet has two double rooms as well as a triple and quad. The interior is almost entirely made of wood; it’s on the wall, on the floor and in the sauna, which is a great place to relax with friends after a game of table tennis. The ski slopes can be reached via a shuttle bus service, which stops only 300m from the accommodation.

Chalet Martina, Westendorf, Austria – This large chalet has 26 beds and has access to the ski area of ​​the Alps Brixental-Kitzbüheler. It’s also close to some nice bars and pubs in the nearby city of Innsbruck, so there’s always a chance to meet people. The pine-themed decor, warms the soul on a cold night.

Chalet Bianca, Bardonecchia, Italy – Bianca is modern and colorfully decorated. The bed accommodates up to 18 guests and the enthusiastic Italian staff strives to ensure that guests are very full at all times. Located in the resort of Bardonecchia, 140 km pistes will surely greatly satisfy your skiing needs.

Chalet Nadine, La Plagne, France – Storage huts are everywhere in La Plagne. In the center of Montchavin, one of ten villages in the ski area, Nadine has room for 13 skiers. With plenty of living space and a hot tub, basing your group here means stylish skis.

Chalet Elliot West, La Tania, France – The Elliot is an example of a traditional chalet experience, offering premium accommodation. The two wings of the building were armed with a hot tub for the eight guests to enjoy on both sides. Because only a few minutes walk from the ski lift, the location is also fantastic.

And there you have it: five chalets that guarantee an amazing Alpine adventure. What are you waiting for?

Belinda Smythson works for Ski Amis, a specialist ski travel agency and booking service that has helped avid skiers and hikers make their perfect winter breaks for more than a quarter of a century. If you are looking for catered chalets, La Plagne is an ideal choice. For accommodation anywhere in Three Valleys, Paradiski, Espace Killy or Chamonix Valley, Ski Amis is a go-to company for winter sports enthusiasts looking for a lifelong holiday. Stylish Skiing For Sale: The Best Catered Chalets in Europe

Ice Climbing in Chamonix: What to Expect

 

Ice Climbing in Chamonix: What to Expect

For an athletic adventure that will really get your adrenaline pumping, look no further than ice climbing.
Ice Ice, Not For Babies…

 

Ice is unlike any other climbing surface. During the day its consistency changes massively, from hard and flaky in the morning to the soft in the afternoon, so the sport gets easier as the sun warms the ice later in the day. Every time you climb, the route will be slightly different and your guide will need to alter the route and the position of the rope anchor.

It’s unpredictable and has an element of danger, but that’s part of the reason why the sport is so exhilarating!

Physical Fitness: Are You Up to the Challenge?

To properly enjoy this sport, you need to be fit and prepared for the challenges of ice climbing. You should be fit overall, so start adding some more cardio to your workout routine a few months before your climbing trip to improve your endurance.

On top of this, you should incorporate some moves such as dead hangs, weight sit-ups, pull ups and overhead weighted lunges into your fitness routine to start working on the muscles you´ll be using when climbing.

Ensure You’re Equipped

This is an equipment-intensive sport – you’re going to need a climbing harness and helmet, two ice axes, boot crampons and special winter boots. Most lesson providers will be able to rent you these essential items at a fair price for very good quality gear; it may be a good idea to make sure you like the sport before investing a lot of money in specialist equipment.

On top of the equipment, you’re going to need top-of-the-range winter clothing and water-resistant trousers, coat and gloves – and don´t forget good sunglasses and factor 50 sun cream and lip balm.

Climbing in Chamonix

Chamonix is famed for its ice falls, and in the resort and surrounding area you can find over 200 routes for all skill levels. The icefalls at altitude tend to begin forming in December, with the best time to climb being January and February.

Equipment can be bought or rented in all sports shops in Chamonix, and there is a wide variety of different professional guiding organisations who offer ice climbing courses for beginners and intermediates to the sport.

There are great routes for all skill levels in and around the resort, making it a brilliant place to start out and progress during your trip.

How to Get There

Hop on one of the many frequent flights offered by budget airlines offering the UK to Geneva route. You can be in Geneva in under 2 hours from several UK locations, and in just 90 minutes if you´re travelling from London. Getting to Chamonix from Geneva will be the least demanding part of your trip, as Shuttle Direct has years of experience in providing comfortable and convenient transfers to Chamonix. From Geneva, you can even bring you equipment for free as long as you choose that option at the time of booking.

Fun Facts About Skiing to Amuse the Kids

Fun Facts About Skiing to Amuse the Kids

I think that there is no type of family holiday that’s better than a ski holiday in a catered chalet. Family skiing trips allow you to bond, spend quality time together in a unique set-ting and try new activities. In addition to this, you definitely won’t have to spend time cooking if you book a catered chalet! You can benefit from the cosy accommodation’s roominess and great facilities. This will create many happy memories that you will all look back on fondly.
If you want to pique the kids’ enthusiasm in the run-up to the holiday, there is no better way than intriguing them with some fun facts about skiing. Here is a collection of my fa-vourites.

 

Origins

There is some debate about where the thrilling winter sport of skiing originated. Many claim that it was invented in the snowy terrain of Norway, as ancient carvings about ski-ing have been discovered in this area. Another reason for believing that it first began in Norway is that the word ‘ski’ comes from the Old Norse word skíð, which translates to ‘a piece of wood’.

Sounds like a solved case, right? Wrong! It is thought that tribesmen in the Altai Moun-tains (in Central and East Asia) were shredding powder even before the Scandinavians. A ski that dates back to approximately 8000-7000 BC was uncovered near a lake in Russia, creating an interesting debate about the true origins of this hugely popular activ-ity.

Early Form of Transportation

Back in these prehistoric days, it is unlikely that people were skiing for fun. Instead, the sport surely served as an early form of transportation. It is easy to see why, as it provides the ability to quickly travel across challenging terrain – it’s not surprising, then, that skiing was even used as a mode of transportation during the First and Second World Wars.

Heard of a Snurfer?

Let’s quickly turn our attention to snowboarding. Did you know that the very first snow-board was called a ‘snurfer’? This somewhat comical name was given to a contraption that was invented by the American Sherman Poppen in 1965, when he connected two skis to create a skateboard without wheels. Unfortunately, the funny name did not stick, but about one million snurfers were sold over the next decade.

Olympic Sport

Alpine/downhill racing originated in Sweden and dates back to 1879, but it did not be-come an Olympic event until 1936. This is unlike cross-country skiing, which has been a part of every single Winter Olympics since its inaugural year in 1924. In contrast, snow-boarding only made its Olympic debut at the 1998 Games in Nagano, Japan.

Space Skiing

This fun fact is certainly one to remember. Astronaut Harrison Schmitt, who was on the famous space shuttle Apollo 17, claims that our moon has the perfect terrain for cross-country skiing and that this technique could actually help astronauts traverse its surface. Who knows – perhaps one day families will be able to book lunar ski holidays!

Speed skiing – faster than a car!

Skiing is one of the fastest sports in the world, and some speed skiers can reach speeds that are faster than a car! Passenger cars can reach speeds of around 120 mph, whilst the current world record for skiing is a blistering 156.2 mph. This was set by the Italian skier Simone Origone in 2006.

A Global Activity

Skiing is immensely popular in modern times, and those who have experienced the adrenaline rush and awesome surroundings know why! You can find ski resorts in around 80 countries worldwide, and approximately 350 million people visit these resorts every year.

These fun facts are sure to dazzle your little ones – consider sharing them before your trip or possibly in your catered chalet after a fun day on the slopes!

Understanding Aviation Maintenance Repair and Overhaul

Understanding Aviation Maintenance Repair and Overhaul

The aviation industry is growing at a substantial rate, which certainly is good news for stakeholders, from passengers and airport sponsors to institutional investors and aviation service providers. Of course, the industry runs on services in many different segments, and one of the major services provided is MRO, or Maintenance, Repair, and Overhaul. In this post, we will describe the kind of work that these service providers offer with regards to aviation maintenance, repair and overhaul management, and why this sector matters for operational success. The need for MRO services Regardless of the location, facilities and other services offered at an airport, the aviation industry depends on one major aspect – operational aircraft. Aviation maintenance, repair and overhaul management is all about aircraft servicing and management. Commercial airlines and private operators prefer to delegate maintenance tasks to specialized companies offering aviation maintenance. These companies have the necessary operational expertise and experience and also have a great depth of capabilities through their training, tooling and authorizations. These services are critical as projecting and managing maintenance schedules will determine whether aircraft will be operational and available to meet their mission requirements. With today’s increasing demand, MRO service providers are pertinent, necessary, and extremely relevant to keep aircraft and their passengers moving on schedule. What do MRO management services offer? As MRO service providers grow, the need for professional management increases as well. In most cases, maintenance and repair work is dependent upon a number of different requirements and regulations, and the nature of contracts with end users varies considerably. Owners and operators are focused on cost control, quality, and minimizing the downtime of their assets. They also seek to source more services from single source providers, e.g. MOR companies with a breadth of capabilities and authorizations which allows for more services to be provided during a single maintenance event. Demand for aviation MRO services is driven by mandatory maintenance, which occur on fixed flight hour, time-based or activity based intervals. The combination of an aging fleet coupled with increasing utilization underpins the increasing demand forecast for the next 5-10 years. The need for aviation maintenance, repair and overhaul management will continue to increase, and as aircraft utilization continues to grow the need for such services will become more prominent in years to come. Consequently, it is important to choose a company that has the necessary experience and expertise for your particular maintenance requirements to meet your mission profile and keep your aircraft and passengers moving.

Car insurance is not only important

Car insurance is not only important; it is legal If you are behind the wheel, you should be able to show proof of insurance if you pull over. There are some circumstances where you will be required to prove your insured. This includes being stopped by police, other drivers you hit and even official government officials. The best way to show that you are protected is to keep an insurance identity card in your vehicle at all times. When the insurance policy is activated, I.D. cards can be printed online, or they can be requested to be sent to someone’s home address. Since most people are now buying their policies online, the fastest way to show proof of car insurance is to print it out. At sea port insurance, get your official status of I.D. card on-line in less than 15 minutes.
Car Insurance I.D. The card contains important information.

Car insurance is not only important

Almost all insurance identity cards will have important information printed on them.

* Name of Policyholder * Policyholder’s Address * Policy Number and Expiry Date * Insurer Company Address * Insured vehicle model, make, VIN or vehicle ID number and year

The ins card should also have the insurance company’s contact information, including phone number and website. Most have a policy coverage number listed on the front or back. This becomes important in the event of an accident and the other party requests this information. Some people in recent years have started using smartphones to not only take photos of car crash scenes but also photo identification of others. This instant info transfer has accelerated the claim process and reduced fake submissions. Insured less with sea port insurance. Most consumers report savings of over $ 550 or more. Switch today and start saving money.  Car insurance is not only important

When do you need to provide insurance proof?

Bringing proof of insurance in your vehicle at all times is smart. This is also the law. You never know when you will be withdrawn and asked to show it. Here are some common situations where you may be asked to issue an I.D. If you need coverage, let the seaport accident insurance close you up for a cheaper price. Apply for your free seaport insurance quote immediately and take advantage of online specials today.

1. Getting pulled by the clerk Do you panic when you see the blue light blinking behind you? Is your heart drowning because you know you will get caught for not bringing car insurance? You should never put yourself in a situation like this. You can get a low cost policy of less than $ 50 per month. Non-life insurance tickets can be very expensive and if left unpaid, may exceed $ 1,000 in some states.

2. If you register your Vehicle Depending on the circumstances in which you purchased your car, you may not be permitted to register it unless you show evidence of having minimum country liability coverage. There’s only one state, New Hampshire, that does not mandate car ins. That means 49 other states in the US need it. When you go to DMV in your area, bring your real company insurance card, not a photocopy. Officials in the DMV may not receive a copy. Insured insured by sea ports online or by phone today.

3. If you are involved in a Traffic Accident accident can be very depressing to anyone. If you are physically able, you must exchange insurance information with other parties as soon as possible. This will help you get paid faster and have accurate information.

4. When You Sell Your Car Usually there is an interval between the time a person purchases a vehicle from a private party and when the vehicle is registered with the DMV. This is why you should always have proof auto in your vehicle, even if you just sell or buy it. At sea port accident insurance, you can print multiple identity cards online whenever you need them.

Punishment for Uninsured Driving

The cost of driving at no cost can be expensive. Fines vary by country, but may reach more than $ 500 or more for repeat offenders. Repeat offenders will often have their driving rights revoked, in addition to their cars being pulled away. The totality of fines can go into thousands of dollars. This is why it does not make sense to continue on the road without being covered. Ocean Harbor Casualty Insurance can be purchased for less than $ 600 per year. Most of the towing companies will charge the fee itself at an unnatural cost. D  Car insurance is not only important

Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

Giant tortoises are one of the best known animals in the Galapagos Islands. And, for nature lovers who choose wildlife holidays in the Galapagos, this is one of the most sought-after encounters. Like many other animals, however, despite its iconic status as the world’s largest tortoise, it faces the challenge of survival, and is now extinct or nearly extinct on several islands in the archipelago.
Of the 14 native populations, only eleven are left – with many of them considered to be highly threatened. The GTRI (The Giant Tortoise Recovery Initiative) is a conservation project  aimed at changing the flow and restoring its population across the island. Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

GTRI work

Established in 2014, GTRI has worked closely with the Directorate of National Parks to achieve a number of objectives. The long-term goals of the initiative include:

• Restoring population to historical summits throughout the archipelago. This includes breeding programs to recover the islands where endemic subspecies have become extinct. Restoring the Past in the Galapagos

• Rejuvenate and restore the required habitat.

• Survey of current population to inform future conservation research and efforts.

• Use genetic advances to improve future conservation programs.

Why Do They Need Help?

In an environment where it has no natural predators for millions of years, the Giant Turtles become the animals most affected by human arrivals on the islands. For years, they were used as a food source by settlers and maritime tourists, who managed to find out that they were able to survive for long at sea. They transport them aboard in holding the ship, and then kill them as needed.

In addition to being a source of food, the population is devastated by the introduction of animals such as dogs, goats, cows and pigs. Dogs and pigs loot eggs and hatchlings, while cattle and goats compete with the turtle’s own food source.

Although it is illegal to catch them today, and introduce animals gradually controlled or removed, in some cases too late. But generating an extinct subspecies, such as endemic disease on the island of Floreana, becomes a reality in itself by GTRI’s deductive work.

Progress Created

Species from Floreana Island have been deemed extinct since 1850. But thanks to advances in DNA testing, scientists were able to determine their genetic traces in 2008. They then tested the hybrid population on Wolf Isabela volcano island that has different DNA, and found that it fits well the extinct Floreana species. How this cross-crossing takes place is a mystery, although the most likely explanation is through human intervention, perhaps by dismantling them among the different islands.

A group of 30 have been transferred to a research center in Santa Cruz, where scientists can analyze their DNA even further. It was found that two were classified F1, meaning that they were descended from two elderly races. Through a breeding program, GTRI now intends to refill Floreana Island with the offspring of these animals – effectively bringing the species back from the dead.

Visit the Past and Future on Holidays in the Galapagos

Thanks to GTRI, past species are now closely related to their future, and it is highly likely that populations can be restored to their natural habitat. Visitors to wildlife vacations in the Galapagos can visit the Tortoise Center in Santa Cruz to see the resurrection of Tortoise Giant Floreana in (albeit very slowly). Restoring the Past in the Galapagos